Fishing Gear for Beginners

Fishing Gear for Beginners

A first-time angler generally faces lots of problems while planning to go for a fishing trip. Having a piece of in-depth knowledge about fishing gear for beginners can help you choose the right equipment. And, such kind of knowledge is a must for a beginner as well as for an amateur.

At the present moment in time, you can find a wide range of fishing gear available out there in the market. For the beginners who have no previous experience in fishing, it is quite a challenging task to pick the right sort of fishing equipment.

As fishing is something that I ‘LOVE’, so I always try to help other anglers through sharing my fishing experiences.

I do believe that failing to choose the right kind of fishing gear can ruin any fishing trip. That’s the reason; I always put heavy emphasis while choosing my fishing equipment before I plan for a trip.

Keep in mind – you have to choose the right sort of gear depending on your target species along with the fishing environment. And, all these efforts are done to maximize the value.

Here, I will make an in-depth discussion about fishing gear for beginners so that you can get acquainted with which fishing gear suits ‘BEST’ to a specific circumstance.

To be honest, this is going to be a long discussion….

So, sit back and try to give your full ‘ATTENTION’.

Contents hide

Fishing Gear For Beginners Based On Fishing Types

At the starting point, you have to decide what type of fishing you intend to do. As there’re varieties of fishing methods available out there, you can choose the type that you feel comfortable with.

The following fishing types are the ones you can choose from:

  • Fly Fishing.
  • Ice Fishing.
  • Kayak Fishing.
  • Spin Fishing.

For each of these fishing types, you need to manage the right kind of fishing equipment to fill your bucket with fish. One more thing you have to focus on to be successful in your fishing mission is gathering proper knowledge about the best time for a fishing trip.

Fishing Gear For Fly Fishing

Fly fishing is a very common angling technique that has drawn the attention of all types of fishermen – both professional and beginner.

This fishing method is mostly well-known for catching salmon grayling and trout. At the same time, you can choose the fly fishing technique for varieties of other species like panfish, bass, carp, and pike as well as those of the marine species including bonefish, tarpon, redfish, striped bass, and snook.

If you choose the fly fishing method, then you have to manage a completely different gear and equipment than that of the conventional fishing techniques. Although many skilled fishers use fly rods for targeting the saltwater fish, it is always a better idea to use them while catching the stream-dwelling trout.

For fly fishing, you will require some of the basic fishing equipment which you may need for other ordinary types of fishing – fly fishing rod, fly reel, fly line, and, of course, flies. But, keep in mind; you have to choose the specific weight and size of these pieces of equipment based on what species you want to go after. Besides, note down the wading boots and fishing waders in your list.

I would suggest you make a checklist for your fly fishing equipment so that you don’t a miss a single item otherwise your fishing mission can be a disappointing one.

Fishing Gear For Ice Fishing

Fishing Gear For Ice Fishing

Most people may consider fishing as a kind of warm-weather activity. But, many anglers find the real feeling while fishing under the ice.

Ice fishing, to be honest, requires a different kind of approach to this pursuit.

For instance, an auger is required for cutting the hole as the primary task to be done. And, you have to use a special kind of fishing rod (somewhat short in size) that will go through that hole. Besides, for this particular fishing technique, you’ll also need lures, line, and tackle that are more likely the ones used for freshwater fishing.

In this case of ice fishing, anglers usually try three different types of fishing.

The first one requires a lightweight, small fishing rod with tiny jigs or lures (brightly colored) along with bait like fatheads or shiner or crappie minnows, wax worms. The angler has to sit beside the ice hole and lift the pole continuously (maintaining a gap of 10-15 seconds) to produce the jig-effect.

The second type requires tip-ups made of plastic or wood, a spool of line attached to it along with a piece of metal (thin). The black line is placed on the spool and at the ending point of the black line, a swivel is attached. And, then, you have to attach a fishing line (with hook) to that swivel. For baits, you can place worms, grub worms, power bait, or small minnows on that hook.

You have to cast in such a way so that the hook with the bait goes into the ice water.

And, the third type is known as the spearfishing. In this case, you have to cut a large hole in the ice in the first place. Some fish decoys can also be used (preferred by many skilled fishermen). As a beginner level angler, you can avoid this fishing technique.

Fishing Gear For Kayak & Float Fishing

In recent times, kayak fishing has become a popular one in almost all parts of the USA. For this sort of fishing, you can use kayaks, inflatable boats, float tubes, and similar other crafts as these tools will allow you to get access to the fishing grounds.

For kayak fishing, you always have to be cautious while picking the best kayak for your fishing quest. Frankly speaking, I always perform an in-depth level of research before I purchase any kayak from the market.

Kayak fishing requires fishing equipment that may cost you a bit extra than that of other fishing methods. For this fishing technique, you will require fishing paddle, life jacket, anchor system, tackle crate, fish finder rod holders, fish grips, fishing rod, reel and of course – the kayak.

You can save a few bucks if you make a proper level of homework for getting a good quality fish finder for kayak.

Fishing Gear For Spin Fishing

Fishing Gear For Spin Fishing

Spin fishing is a type of angling method where you have to use a spinning lure as bait to attract the fish to bite. You can try this fishing technique in both marine and freshwater environments. Unlike bait cast fishing or fly fishing, you have to use a different type of fishing rod and reel for spin fishing.

When you go spin fishing, there are mainly two different types of reels available for you – closed-faced and open-faced reel.

And, for the spin fishing rod, you’ll find no trigger that is attached to the base of that rod. This is the main point that differentiates a spin fishing rod from a baitcasting rod.

In addition to the fishing rod and reel, you’ll also require lures, needle nose pliers and some other common accessories for a spin fishing trip. The needle nose pliers will help you remove the hook safely from the mouth of fish.

You should perform a thorough study about spinning fishing rod vs casting rod to understand the differences properly. Otherwise, you may be failed to get the perfect fishing rod for your spin fishing mission.

Minimal Fishing Gear Checklist For Beginners – Get Ready For Fishing Tomorrow

Fishing seems to become easier when you can arrange the right kind of fishing equipment for your fishing trip. In case of learning the fishing techniques, some say you may have to dedicate your life. But, I would say – grabbing the right kind of gear should be the main point of focus.

Almost all beginners do this common mistake while selecting the fishing equipment. If you go to a local store, the shop owner may empty your pocket by including many of those unnecessary items. So, you have to make sure you can find the needed fishing gear to turn your fishing trip into an unforgettable one.

Here, I will be sharing a minimal list of fishing gear that are the most needed ones for a beginner level angler. I believe that if you can arrange the following equipment, you can expect a joyful fishing trip.

Fishing Rod

A fishing rod is the first equipment that you’ll require to go fishing. In the case of choosing a fishing rod, you have to keep two important factors in mind – fishing environment and target species.

Generally, a 6 to 7 feet long, fast-action, medium-powered spin fishing rod is a ‘PERFECT’ choice if you for a freshwater trip.

But, if you prefer to go for saltwater fishing, I would suggest you longer stouter rods, (around 9 feet in length).

Fishing Reel

The next thing you should add to your list of fishing gear for beginners is the fishing reel.

Well, you have to very much careful while selecting the right kind of fishing reel otherwise you may come home with an empty basket.

For beginners, it would be a wise decision to choose a spinning reel rather than going for a baitcasting reel. For using a bait casting reel, you have to learn some sort of technique. And, for a beginner fisher, learning those techniques could be a tough job to do.

Some anglers may tell you about concentrating on the gear ratios. But, I would tell you not to bother about those gear ratios or those nuanced characteristics. Just make sure you choose the appropriate reel size depending on your targeted species.

Some amateur anglers also like to choose the spin-cast reels. If you’re confident enough, you can also give it a try (not recommended for your first time fishing trip).

In this case, you also have to gather proper knowledge regarding tying a fishing knot. For the first time anglers, my advice would be practicing tying knots more and more before going for your fishing trip. If you forget the method of tying the knot, then the whole trip can be a complete disaster for you.

Fishing Line

At the current time, you’ll find varieties of fishing lines (high-performance) available out there in the market.

To pass a fishing day with relaxation, I recommend the monofilament line as this would be the most economical choice for a beginner. In this case of the fishing line, the targeted species again come as a center point of focus.

It recommended that you choose a fishing line that is rated about 8 times the weight of your targeted fish.

I think an example is needed to make this math a clear one for you. Suppose that you’re planning to catch half-pound bluegill (around a bunch). In this case, you will require a 4-pound test fishing line.

If you still have some confusion about choosing the right type of fishing line, you can give me a message explaining your problem in detail.


For the beginners, artificial lures compared to live baits are better options as these are simpler and easier to use. But, it is also ‘TRUE’ that you, being a beginner level fisher, can hope to catch more fish with live baits.

So, I would suggest you take fishing preparation in both of the mentioned manners.

You can take 5 or 6 different spoons, jigs or crankbaits (based on your targeted species). But, don’t forget to bring a few floats, hooks and weights as these are required for fishing with live baits.

Basic Tools

Seasoned or Pro anglers tend to work with whatever they have in hand when it comes to rig or repair any equipment. But, a new or first-time angler won’t be able to come up with repairing techniques as they have no earlier experience.

So, I recommend the beginners to bring some simple tools to avoid any uncomfortable situation.

In this case, you can add a pair of needle-nose pliers along with a pair of scissors or cutting pliers. I hope these are ‘OKAY’ enough for handling the mentioned type of situations. At the same time, you can look for a good quality multi-tool – specifically designed for the anglers.

Tackle Box

You’ll require something (more like a box) to carry all of the mentioned equipment. Typically, such kind of item is known as a tackle box to the anglers. However, a modern type tackle box is very often better explained as tackle backpack or tackle bag.

Keep in mind – if you’re planning fishing for a day, then an old tool-box or a tackle backpack is enough for you. There is no need to bring any kind of fancy stuff, rest is up to you.

Fish Finder

Lastly, I would like to suggest you add a Fish Finder in the list of fishing gear for beginners. A fish finder can help you a lot by giving you a clear picture of the area where you’re planning to cast. This will also help you to select the specific area where you can find more fishes to catch.

But, the problem is to understand the information that is shown on the display of the fish finder. In this case, you may have to do a bit of study at your home (but the practical lesson is recommended).

To make a good deal, you should also make a comprehensive research about the best fish finders available in the market at present.

In addition, you can also bring some accessories like polarized sunglasses, sunscreen, and some other items (if you feel necessary).

Fishing Gear for Different Freshwater Species

While you make the list of fishing gear for beginners, one of the most important factors to be considered is the species you’re planning to target. Failing to take the right kind of fishing equipment will bring nothing but disappointment for you.

At this point, I’m going to explain the right kind of fishing gear based on your targeted species.

Don’t skip any part if you want to be successful in your first time fishing mission!

Black Bass

Black bass (including spotted bass, smallmouth bass, and largemouth bass) are spirited fish (typically aggressive in nature) that mainly call for stout gear. Although these fishes are kind of aggressive feeders, they tend to be wary fish – for which lure preferences may change from time to time.

The ideal pieces of fishing equipment for this kind of fish species are as follows

Fishing Rod

As far as I think – a lightweight spinning fishing rod is the ideal option for the beginner level anglers along with the ones involved with finesse-oriented tasks. But, for the skilled fishermen, I would suggest a somewhat medium-weight casting rod.

Although different types of lures are suitable for different fishing rods (in lengths), most of the avid fishermen prefer to choose fishing rods with lengths around 6 to 7.5 feet.

Fishing Reel

In the case of fishing reels, I always suggest choosing reels according to the type of fishing rods you have already picked. For beginners, I believe that spinning reels can be the ideal choice. Besides, those who are using light lines and lures can also pick the spinning reels.

However, the bait-casting reels come with some unique advantages for the fishermen. So, for the experienced anglers, choosing the bait-casting reels would be a plus.

The beginner level fisher can also go for a bait-casting rod if and only if he knows how to use such kind of reel.

Fishing Line

Monofilament fishing line can do the work. But, according to my experience – the fluorocarbon fishing line is the ideal piece of choice if you’re fishing in clear water. But, if you plan fishing through heavy cover, then I recommend braided fishing lines to come up with a successful fishing trip.

In this case, you have to remember the fact that it is very ‘IMPORTANT’ to match the fishing line-strength to the lure type you’re going to use. For larger lures, you should look for 10 to 25-pound test monofilament or fluorocarbon line, while for smaller lures, you can go for a 6 to the 8-pound test line.

Comparing to the monofilament or fluorocarbon lines, braided fishing lines are rated at around twice as the testing strength.

Therefore, you have to make your selection as per your needs and requirement.


Crankbaits, jigs, spinnerbaits, and topwater plugs – all of these are considered to be effective if you plan to catch Black Bass. But, the plastic worm is the one I prefer most while I go for a fishing trip.

In this case, keep in mind that lures should be of different sizes and colors to get the best result.


Catching crappie is some sort of fun to me as they seem very delicious to me. Although this fish species is somewhat smaller compared to the size of the bass along with some other types of rapacious game fish, they can give a tough fight when they’re hooked.

If you plan to catch crappie, then the following fishing gear is what you should focus on

Fishing Rod

As a beginner, in this case, you should look for a medium-fast-action, light-power spinning rod that is around 6 to 8 feet in length.

When you plan to catch fish like crappie, never go for a slower-action spinning rod. If you do so, it will be like calling the troubles all by yourself. When you use a somewhat slower-action fishing rod, you will face many difficulties while pulling the hook out of the mouth of the fish.

For this reason, I always prefer a medium-fast-action spinning rod whenever I plan for catching crappies.

Fishing Reel

I always advise picking the fishing reel matching to your fishing rod. In the event of catching crappies, I would suggest the same.

But, I want to add something more for the beginners as they have no previous experience in fishing.

Well, you should look for a lightweight spinning reel that comes with a great deal of line capacity. At the same time, I suggest you choose a high-speed gear ratio because this will bring some added advantage. Such kind of gear ratio (high-speed) will help you a lot at the time of getting your catch in your boat.

As a beginner, you may find it hard to control such kind of fishing reel. But, trust me, within a few days; this will become easier and simpler for you.

Fishing Line

As a first time angler, you can choose a 4 to 6-pound test monofilament fishing line. But, to get a more efficient result, you can go for a fluorocarbon fishing line as this line type works best when you’re fishing in deep or clear water.


Crappies mainly feed on almost all types of small fish and minnows. This is the reason; I always try to prefer live minnows and small lures that do have an impression of small fish. Besides, you can also use curly-tailed grubs which are mainly referred to as mister Twister Tails.


Because of the vision and eye position of the Walleyes, almost all the skilled anglers try to go after them during the low light periods.

Here is the list of fishing gear for beginners that are ideal to catch the walleyes

Fishing Rod

To catch the walleyes, you can choose either casting gear or spinning gear, but I think the beginners should use the spinner gear as it comes with the simple-to-use feature.

According to my experience, catching walleyes often requires somewhat long casts. So, I think you should look for a medium-power spinning rod that is around 7 feet in length.

Fishing Reel

If you’re not a skilled fisherman, it is recommended that you should go for a spinning reel while you plan to catch walleyes. For a better result, I think you should add a high-capacity spool because this is the best choice to catch this fish species.

Fishing Line

As you’ve already come to know the fact that walleyes don’t have much of great eyesight, so you don’t have to look for those fluorocarbon (low-visibility) fishing lines.

But, these fluorocarbon fishing lines don’t stretch as much as the monofilament lines do.

Therefore, the beginner level anglers will get some sort of advantage while choosing the fluorocarbon fishing lines over the monofilament lines.


While targeting the walleyes, I have got the ‘BEST’ results with jigs along with small spinning baits. This doesn’t necessarily mean you would do the same.

Sometimes, you can try some other options like attaching a worm or minnow to the artificial lure.

This is more like a bonus tip I’ve just shared with you

Did it work anyhow to improve your chance of catching the walleyes? Don’t forget to share your ‘EXPERIENCE’ with this bonus trick.


If you’re keen on getting a huge amount of fish without a lot of work, then catfish is the ‘BEST’ option available for you. You can expect to fill your bucket with fish size ranging from 1 to 2 pounds. And, if you’re ‘LUCKY’, there would be a chance that you even hook a beast weighing 25 pounds on any random cast.

To catch this fish species, the following are the fishing equipment you should take with you:

Fishing Rod

In this case, you should look for a medium-power, long spinning fishing rod – the ideal choice from my point of view. Such kind of fishing rod can help you with catching those big catfish that everyone always wishes for.

Keep in mind – you have to cast as far as possible since it is the ideal way of casting when you plan to catch catfish.

For the beginners, I believe a 7-feet long rod would be the ideal length to go for. In the case of rod action, you’re free to choose upon your wish. But, choosing a slower action one will ultimately assist you while fighting with a larger fish.

Fishing Reel

As I have already told catfishing very often requires more of long casts into deep water, so it will be better for beginner anglers to look for a fishing reel that can hold lots of lines.

The retrieving speed isn’t a factor that you should focus on while picking your fishing reel. So, you can look for a reel that has retrieving speed of average type.

Fishing Line

Catfish are not that much of timid in nature. So, picking a light fishing line while planning to catch them can be a very bad decision. In addition, you also have to make your preparation for those larger ones. So, I would suggest a 10 to 12-pound test line for the beginners as well as for the pro anglers.

Both fluorocarbon and monofilament fishing lines will work in this case. But, I would recommend the braided fishing lines, if you choose fishing near sticks, rocks or other types of cover.


You can use varieties of lures for catching catfish. But, my experiences say using the live baits will give you a somewhat better result.

Crickets, worms or fish will work well. But, you can also try some unusual things like hot dogs, dough balls, and grapes as well.


Most of the anglers prefer to use fly fishing gear for trout fishing. But, some anglers try to catch trout using the traditional fishing equipment.

Let’s have a look at the fishing equipment for beginners that are perfect for trout fishing

Fishing Rod

As a beginner, you can search for a 5 to 6-feet long spinning fishing rod since this rod type will help you move around those stream-side trees.

In the case of power, you can look for a rod that is light to medium power. But, for a more efficient result, I would recommend a fast to an extra-fast spinning rod.

Fishing Reel

For catching trout, a lightweight spinning reel will suffice. But, a fast retrieve one will help you do the reeling quickly. And, this will help you most when the trout will swim right towards you.

Fishing Line

If you plan for day-long fishing on the weekend, then I would suggest you a lightweight with a low-visibility fishing line. The lightweight line will help you to go on for continuous fishing all day long.

For most of the situations, I believe a 4-pound test fluorocarbon line will do the work. But, some avid fishermen also like to prefer a 6-pound test line.


For catching trout, you can use varieties of lures and baits like spoons, small spinnerbaits, crickets, worms, jigs, and even trout eggs.


For beginner-level anglers, I believe starting fishing with catching bluegill is the ‘BEST’ decision as this fish type is relatively easy-to-catch requiring minimal pieces of fishing gear.

Let’s look at the fishing equipment you need as a beginner for catching bluegill

A spinning fishing rod of 6 to 8 feet length can be regarded as the ideal choice for beginners. But, for the kids, I would suggest rather a smaller one that is around 4 to 5 feet long. Light-power with a fast-action fishing rod is the ‘BEST’ option, but my experience says any fishing rod type would do the work.

Fishing Reel

If you plan for a day-long fishing trip, then I would recommend looking for a reliable fishing reel for you. In most of the cases, bluegill fishing tends to occur at a much closer range. So, searching for a reel with high-capacity spool won’t bring any good.

Fishing Line

In the case of the fishing line, you can choose monofilament 4 to the 8-pound test line. If you don’t have any sort of problem with your budget, then you can also try the fluorocarbon lines.

For beginners, I think investing in a fluorocarbon line will be nothing but waste of money. So, choosing the monofilament fishing line would be a wise decision.


While catching bluegill, you get the option of choosing any kind of lures and baits available in the market. But, I would suggest live baits like crickets and worms for the first time anglers.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What do I need for a basic fishing kit?

Answer: A fishing tackle box should be packed with all the basic items you need for a fishing trip. To get a full idea, you should make a thorough research on the fishing gear checklist. An in-depth study will give you a proper idea about those basic items.

2. What gear do you need for fishing?

Answer: We have already discussed all the necessary fishing gear that you need as a beginner. Minimally, you would need a fishing rod, reel, line, and lures for fishing.

3. How can I tie a fishing knot?

Answer: To tie a fishing knot you have to follow some required steps. You have to carefully study tying a fishing knot as there varieties of fishing knots required for different types of fishing techniques.


Whenever you (being a first-time angler) plan for a fishing trip, the first thing you should focus on is the fishing gear for beginners.

I believe that I have covered almost everything you should need to know about the right kind of fishing equipment required for a beginner level angler.

You have already come to know that different fishing techniques require different types of fishing gear. At the same time, you have to carefully choose the fishing equipment based on the species you’re going to target.

I wish all the very best for your first time fishing trip as a newbie in this field. I would suggest you to visit the fishing spots of Montana, if you already haven’t planned anything. I can bet – you’ll have the most loveable fishing trip ever if you choose Montana as your preferred destination.

This is all for now. Still, have questions in mind? Make sure you use the comment section below for your questions. Happy Fishing!

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